Predetermining the economic viability of countries even before they existed
Even though it is understood that Berlin Conference was for the purpose of carving Africa into parts acceptable to Europeans, little is said of how this callous adventure predetermined economic prospects for the yet-to-exist African countries.
For instance, in the Gold Coast, the eponymously named territory was supposed to be the provider of gold Britain needed without due recourse to opportunity costs.
The story is no different for DR Congo, Nigeria among others. What this therefore means is that new countries would have to make do with what exploitation of their resources has taught them.