Dodoma – Tanzania
After gaining independence in 1961, the Tanzanian government invited a Canadian firm to help replan the then capital Dar Es Salaam, but the plan did not succeed and was cancelled in 1972. Dodoma was a small market town initially established in 1903 by the Dutch. The government chose Dodoma town to be developed as the capital city due to its location in the centre of the country. It also provided an area viable for development. The estimated amount to recreate a capital city was £186 million ($244 million) and was supposed to be completed in 10 years, but to date, the city is still being constructed. In 2016, the current president John Magufuli announced that the government would be operating from the new capital before he leaves office in 2020 to mark the finalisation of the move.