Roman Ruins of Volubilis (Meknès-Tafilalet Region)
Now a World Heritage Site, Volubilis is a partly excavated Berber and Roman city in Morocco situated near the city of Meknes between Fès and Rabat. Built in a fertile agricultural area, it developed from the 3rd century BC onward as a Berber, then proto-Carthaginian, settlement before being the capital of the kingdom of Mauretania. It grew rapidly under Roman rule from the 1st century AD and expanded to cover about 42 hectares with a 2.6 km circuit of walls. A basilica, temple, and triumphal arch are the major public buildings the city gained in the 2nd century. It would later contain many more beautiful town-houses with large mosaic floors.