André-Dieudonné Kolingba was the fourth president of the Central African Republic from 1981 to 1993 after taking power from David Dacko.
With a substantial financial backing from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank, Kolingba blessed members of the Yakoma tribe with lucrative political positions.
His favoritism caused friction between southerners and northerners sparking violent battles. His entire time in office was smeared with corruption.
In 2003, Kolingba asked for public forgiveness for his transgressions while president.
He died in France on February 7, 2010.