Sandra Appiah March 03, 2011

 Astride the Equator in west central Africa, Congo has a small population that is concentrated in the country’s southwest, with a virtually uninhabited jungle in the north. Most people live between Brazzaville, the capital, and Pointe-Noire, Congo’s port city and focus for the oil industry. Since it achieved independence in 1960, political turmoil has hampered the country. After almost three decades of Marxist rule, Congo adopted a multiparty, democratic system in 1992. Conflict in the late 1990s derailed democracy, but a new constitution in 2002 brings the promise of stability.


Fast Facts

Population: 3,999,000
Capital: Brazzaville; 1,080,000
Area: 342,000 square kilometers (132,047 square miles)
Language: French, Lingala, Monokutuba
Religion: Christian, animist, Muslim
Currency: CFA franc
Life Expectancy: 50
GDP per Capita: U.S. $900
Literacy Percent: 84


Industry: Petroleum extraction, cement, lumber, brewing, sugar, palm oil, soap
Agriculture: Cassava (tapioca), sugar, rice, corn; forest products
Exports: Petroleum, lumber, plywood, sugar, cacao


Source: The National Geographic
CIA- The World Factbook

Last Edited by: Updated: February 25, 2014


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