Although abolished in 1958 by Queen Elizabeth II, the debutante balls had already infiltrated American society. As practiced by upper and middle-class societies in Europe to outdoor marriage-ripe young ladies usually between the ages of 16-18, the U.S. also picked up this tradition and it is practiced by the upper classes.
Ballroom dancing or balls has always been a European culture from the days of Queen Victoria. It transcended to other parts of the world over time and now no one can pinpoint exactly where it originated from. One particular aspect of ballroom dancing beloved by all especially young girls and boys is the debutante balls.
In the U.S., it can be referred to as a cotillion. Upper-class white American families, like their European counterparts, used the balls to display their daughters in the hopes of finding them acceptable partners, usually of the same social rank. This practice was a white commodity. Black people were not a part of the upper class at the time, therefore, young black girls were not a part of the subtle auctioning of marriage-ripe girls.
However, the debutante balls went beyond outdooring girls into adulthood and marriage. Manners, etiquettes and the core value of family were very much at play at these events. The young girls had to prove that they had been brought up in a well-mannered and sophisticated home and were very polite else they risk not getting a suitor.
But, up in the West, all the way in New York City, a little drive into upper Manhattan presented the town known as Harlem, a historical town with a predominantly black society always being hit with black stereotypes as is with all black communities and in an attempt to debunk it all, the Harlem Debutante ball started.
On March 1, 1950, the inaugural Harlem Debutante Cotillion was held. Debutantes stood in the center, flanked by their escorts and women in waiting. It was held in Harlem’s Rockland Palace Ballroom in front of 4,700 people. Beginning with a performance, each girl was picked from a socially respectable household and supported by a local social or civic society.
Harlem was not the only black community that picked up on this. Many states in America with black communities went on with this practice. Centuries before Harlem, black debutante balls were hosted in New York during the slave era in 1778. The women of free Black men fighting in the Royal Ethiopian Regiment socialized with the wives of British soldiers during these occasions.
The first formal African-American debutante ball was held in 1895 in New Orleans, which at the time had a remarkably massive community of free and highly educated Black people. With the abolition of slavery decades before, these numbers only expanded rapidly. A distinctly upper class had emerged among the Black population, bringing with it a slew of class-based rituals, organizations, and clubs.
These all-black balls served a distinct function from the white balls. The black balls were organized by rich African Americans in an attempt to highlight the Black community decently. The goal was to battle the idea of dysfunctional Black families by having dads proudly present their daughters, which in turn challenged the harmful stereotype of Black women being non-virtuous.
So, as seen in Bridgerton, the young black girls would dance, twirl, and eye prospective suitors and exhibit true black excellence debunking myths that black families are all dysfunctional. In summary, a beautiful evening was enjoyed at the end of the day.