Second Congo War – 1998 – 2003
With over 5.4 million deaths in 2008, the second Congo war was declared the second deadliest after World War II. It began in 1998, however, stretched into 2003.
The Second Congo War was convoluted, involving special interests from nine different African countries and 20 separate armed groups.
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Many consider these groups’ competing desires to control the exploitation of mineral deposits around the resource-rich Great Lakes region as a major reason for the Congo war.