3. The Voortrekker Monument
The Voortrekker Monument is a massive granite structure located on a hilltop, south of Pretoria. It was built in 1937 to commemorate the Voortrekkers (a group of Trekboer pastoralists and Cape Dutch citizens) who left the Cape Colony between 1835 and 1854. The site was declared a National Heritage Site in 2011 by the South African Heritage Resource Agency.