Muammar Gaddafi, Libya
Muammar Gaddafi became Libya’s leader in 1969 after he seized power from the Libyan monarchy following a bloodless military coup. He ruled Libya for 42 years with classic strongman tactics, however his time came to an end in the aftermath of the Arab Spring revolution that toppled many governments across north Africa and the Middle East in 2011.
Gaddafi was forced to flee from the capital Tripoli after the city fell to rebels in 2011. He escaped in the company of close aids and body guards and took refuge in a construction site. He was eventually captured by rebel forces who later assassinated him in somewhat unclear circumstances. He was 69.