Malam Bacai Sanhá, Guinea Bissau
Malam Bacai Sanhá was named the president of Guinea Bissau after winning the 2009 presidential polls. He was a career politician who had previously served as head of parliament and acting president after the fall of João Bernardo Vieira.
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Sanhá was diabetic and he suffered from several health complications and throughout his time in office he was continually in and out of the hospital. He received treatment in France, Senegal, and Portugal. He died at 64 years of age in a Paris hospital in January 2012. He was only president for four years.