Julius Nyerere, Tanzania
Also known as “Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere”, Julius Nyerere was a Tanzanian anti-colonial activist, political theorist and politician, who governed Tanganyika (now Tanzania) as its Prime Minister from 1961 and 1963, and then president from 1964 until 1985.
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Born in Butiama, Tanganyika in in 1922, Nyerere studied at Makerere College in Uganda and at Edinburgh University in Britain. Before joining politics, the young Nyerere served as a primary school teacher in a local mission school. In 1954, he led the Tanganyika African National Union to obtaining independence for Tanganyika.