Despite numerous efforts to control the spread of HIV/AIDS, it remains a major public health concern and the main cause of death in many parts of Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa alone accounts for 69 percent of all people living with HIV globally. In 2011, the region accounted for 70 percent of deaths caused by AIDS.
But even with these alarming statistics, a significant number of African countries are slowly winning the war on HIV/AIDS by putting measures in place to reduce the rate of new infections.
A study done by the World Bank in 2011 showed that countries in North Africa and the Horn of Africa have significantly lower HIV rates compared to countries in the southern African region.
The lower prevalence rate in these countries is largely attributed to the fact that their populations typically do not engage in high-risk cultural practices that are associated with the spread of HIV.
With Thursday being World AIDS Day, Face2Face Africa looks at the top African countries that have controlled the spread of HIV/AIDS.
As an Arab and Muslim state, Morocco has made great strides in establishing its own HIV research programs. Only 2 percent of the country’s 32 million people are HIV-positive according to a study done by the U.S. National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. This is largely attributed to the population’s restraint from engaging in high-risk practices such as prostitution. Transmission between mother and child is also significantly low.