Who then were the ancient Ghanaians and what was their claim to fame?
The Ghana Empire arose and developed between A.D. 500 and 1200 in the region between the bend of the Niger and the middle reaches of the Senegal. It got to the peak of its glory by A.D. 1060.
Of the kingdoms which also arose, including Tekrur, Mali and Songhai, Ghana was the first of these kingdoms to emerge and attain the greatest fame and glory, according to Ghanaian historian Prof. Albert Adu Boahen in his ‘Topics in West African History’ book first published in 1966.
The eminent historian relying on various sources submits the empire was in existence by A.D. 500 and had attained the peak of its power by about the middle of the eleventh century.
Without a doubt, the Ghana Empire was famed for its gold with Arabic scholars Al-Bakri and Al-Idrisi noting their descriptions in 1067 and 1154 respectively. The eminent astronomer Al-Fazari as early as 772 described Ghana as the land of gold.
We take a look at four customs or attributes of the empire. Check them out below: