Eduardo Mondlane, the leader of FRELIMO and the indisputable hero of Mozambican independence was a History and Sociology professor at Syracuse University, United States. He was one of the most educated African leaders having studied at Oberlin, Northwestern and Harvard Universities all in the United States. He worked at the United Nations as well and later got engaged in the movement for national liberation in Mozambique. His nationalistic views led to the formation of FRELIMO, an organisation made up of Mozambican nationalists. With the support of the Soviet Union and many African countries, FRELIMO launched a guerrilla war in 1964 against the colonial Portuguese government. In 1975, FRELIMO gained control of the government and the country gained independence but before then, Mondlane in 1969 was killed by a bomb, disguised as a book, sent to him by unknown assassins.