From South Africa to Rwanda, Eritrea to Ghana, our continent has plenty of inspiring examples of liberation movements that fought fiercely against colonial regimes. For the early African nationalists, support for full decolonization was both a moral imperative and a practical necessity.
During the 5th Pan-African Congress held at Manchester, England, in 1945, the struggle against colonialism took shape, leading ultimately to the liberation of Africa from colonial rule. In the years that followed, speeches of leading liberation fighters such as Kwame Nkrumah and Nelson Mandela helped to mobilize the masses and gain world support for independence.
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On the next few pages, take a closer look at some of the speeches which left an indelible mark on African history.