Population: 1.2 million (2012 estimates)
Once the site of devastating sectarian violence, Kigali, Rwanda, has made significant strides in the past two decades. The national economy has continued to grow, as has the population of Kigali, the capital city.
However, infrastructure development has not kept pace in areas, such as sanitation, energy, and roads, increasing the risk of epidemic disease, energy shortages, and economic turmoil. In addition, periodic flooding continues to pose a threat to public health, businesses, and agriculture.
In response, the city has begun providing civic education about disaster management.
Overpopulation in some areas has led to informal settlements that significantly tax infrastructure. However, a 2012 study on affordable housing led to ongoing projects to increase Kigali’s housing stock.
The city has also been budgeting more resources for road construction, rehabilitation, and maintenance.