Meles Zenawi, Ethiopia
Meles Zenawi was president of Ethiopia from 1991 to 1995 and then prime minister from 1995 to 2012, for a total of 21 years in power. His government is credited with reforming Ethiopia’s electoral law and introducing multi-party democracy, but he was also accused of violently suppressing the legitimate agitations of the Oromia people of northern Ethiopia.
Zenawi died at a Belgian hospital in August of 2012 at 57 years old. His official cause of death was the result of sudden infection.