Sheikh Khalid bin Barghash Al-Busaid of Zanzibar, Tanzania
Sheikh Khalid bin Barghash Al-Busaid was the sixth ruler of Zanzibar known as the Sultan. He was a very influential and powerful ruler of his time and was greatly feared after it was suspected that he killed his only cousin to expand his kingdom.
The British had settled on the island of Zanzibar by the late 19th century and had started to take full control of the lands refusing to acknowledge the kingdom and its ruler. By 1866, the British Empire had created a treaty that stated that the Sultan could not be on the throne without the British permission. Sheik Khalid was greatly insulted by this and it resulted in the Anglo-Zanzibar War of 1886.
During the invasion of his palace by the British, he escaped into German East African and was given political asylum. In 1916 he was captured and sent to Seychelles where he lived for seven years in exile. After he was let out of Seychelles, he was not allowed to return to his home. He lived and died in Mombasa, Kenya in 1927.